Bandarban (Bengali: বান্দরবান) is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, Coordinates is 22.20N 92.35E, and a part of the Chittagong Division and Chittagong Hill Tracts. Bandarban (meaning the dam of monkeys), or in Marma or Arakanese language as "Rwa-daw Mro" is also known as Arvumi or the Bohmong Circle (of the rest of the three hill districts Rangamati is the Chakma Circle and Khagrachari is the Mong Circle). Bandarban town is the home town of the Bohmong Chief (currently King, or Raja, Aung Shwe Prue Chowdhury who is the head of the Marma population. It also is the administrative headquarter of Bandarban district, which has turned into one of the most exotic tourist attractions in Bangladesh since the insurgency in Chittagong Hill Tracts has ceased more than a decade back.
One of the three hill districts of Bangladesh and a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bandarban is not only the remotest district of the country, but also is the least populated. The three highest peak of Bangladesh - Tahjindong (1280 meters, also known as bijoy, Mowdok Mual (1052 m), and Keokradong (1230 m), - are located in Bandarban district, as well as Raikhiang Lake, the highest lake in Bangladesh. Chimbuk peak and Boga Lake are two more highly noted features of the district. The newly reported highest peak of Bangladesh - Saka Haphong (3488 ft) is also here in Thanchi upazila.
Inside Bangladesh, Bandarban is bordered by Cox's Bazaar, Chittagong, Rangamati and Khagrachari. On the other side of the national border lies Myanmar provinces of Chin and Arakan. The district also features river Sangu, also known as Sangpo or Shankha, the only river born inside Bangladesh territory. The other rivers in the district are Matamuhuri and Bakkhali. Meranja, Wailatong, Tambang and Politai are the four hill ranges here. Parts of the biggest lake in Bangladesh - Kaptai Lake - fall under the area of Bandarban.
Tourism: The Buddha Dhatu Jadi, the largest Buddhist temple in Bangladesh, located in Balaghata, 4 km from the town, is one excellent place to visit. This Theravada Buddhist temple is made completely in the style of South-East Asia and houses the second largest statue of Buddha in Bangladesh. The waterfall named Shoilo Propat at Milanchari is also an excellent site.
The numerous Buddhist temples, known as kyang in local tongue, and bhihars in the town include the highly notable the Rajvihar (royal vihar) at Jadipara and the Ujanipara Bhihar. Bawm villages around Chimbuk, and Mru villages a little further off, are also lie within a day's journey from the town. Meghla, Nilachal, Boga Lake, Prantik Lake, Jibannagar, Nilghiri and Kyachlong Lake are some more places of interest. And, a boat ride on the river Sangu is also an excellent proposition.
Bandarban At a Glance
Area: 4479km2
Upazila Road: 378.1 km
Union Road: 542.52Km
Village Road: 1079.14Km VA
1165.14Km VB
Population: 3,00,740 (2001)
Density: 67 /sq.kmKm2
Literacy: 41.6%
No. of Upazila: 7
No. of Union: 29
No. of Pourashava: 2
No. of Primary School: 369
No. of High School: 24
No. of College: 5
Procurment, Bandarban