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Noakhali

About NOAKHALI

Noakhali is a district in South-eastern Bangladesh. Noakhali district is located in the Chittagong Division and bounded by the Comilla district in the north, the Meghna estuary and the Bay of Bengal in the south, Feni and Chittagong districts in the east, Lakshmipur and the Bhola districts in the west. Geographically it stands on 22°50’N 91°06′E/22.83°N 91.10°E coordinates.
The ancient name of Noakhali was Bhulua. Once the agricultural activities of the north-eastern region of Bhulua were
seriously affected by floodwater of the river Dakatia flowing from the Tripura hills. To save the situation a canal was excavated in 1660 running from the Dakatia through Ramganj, Sonaimuri and Chaumuhani to divert water flow to the junction of the rivers Meghna and Feni. After excavating this long canal Bhulua was renamed "Noakhali" after "Noa" (new) and "khal" (canal) in 1668. The Noakhali district was created in 1821. It consists of 9 upazilas, 8 municipalities, 72 wards, 153 mahallas, 91 unions, 882 mouzas and 967 villages.

Noakhali district was seriously affected many times by natural disasters like high tidal bore, tornado, flood, cyclone etc since 1790. In 1970 devastating tornado and tidal bore took lives of about 10 lakh people of the district. The swift currents that course down from the Himalayas, does not only bring river erosion but also opportunity: a rich bath of fertile silt that, when it reaches the Bay of Bengal, settles along the coast, gradually forming new land called "chars." The district of Noakhali has actually gained more than 28 square miles (73 km2) of land in the past 50 years and so on.

One of the Upazila named “Hatiya” is an Island in which “Nijhum Dwip” is situated, where there is a lot scope to establish a National Park for the tourists.

In educational facilities, Noakhali is also ahead substantially with respect to other districts as established the University, Medical College, Textile College, Agricultural institution etc.

Agriculture plays a vital role in the regional economy. 40% of the regional GDP comes from agriculture with 80% of the population employed in the sector. Employment in fish sector is also dominant for the extreme poor and poor i.e. labor intensive. 60 -70% labor has involved round the year in this sector (boat roaring, fishing, drying, net and boat making and repairing, transporting fish from one location to other etc.). Most of the poor are involved in crop production during winter but other period they involved in fishing either own or selling labor to the mohajan.
Archaeological heritage and relics Noakhali Public Library (1895), Bajra Shahi Mosque (1153 AH, Chatkhil), Kali Statue (18th century) at Sirajpur union of Companiganj upazila and Gandhi Ashrayan (1947) at Sunaimuri Upazila.

Above all, the Noakhali is the one of the enriched sea-shore district in Bangladesh.
Noakhali At a Glance
Area: 4203km2
Upazila Road: 653.37 km
Union Road: 886.04Km
Village Road: 3456.99Km VA
4437.1Km VB
Population: 31,08,083 (Census-2011)
Density: 802/SqkmKm2
Literacy: 69.50%
No. of Upazila: 9
No. of Union: 88
No. of Pourashava: 8
No. of Primary School: 1243
No. of High School: 287
No. of College: 35
Procurment, Noakhali